Glaucoma, known as the “silent thief of sight,” is a serious condition, but one that’s controllable with early detection. The team at Gold Canyon Eye Center, located in Gold Canyon, Arizona, is experienced in diagnosing and controlling glaucoma so you can slow the progression of the disease and protect your vision. To schedule an eye exam, including glaucoma screening, call Gold Canyon Eye Center or book an appointment online today.
Glaucoma is a disease that affects your optic nerves. Your optic nerves carry visual information to your brain from your retina, the light-sensing tissue at the back of your eyes. Your brain interprets this information to form images, allowing you to see.
The underlying cause of glaucoma is increased pressure on your optic nerve. Your eyes contain a fluid called aqueous humor, which serves a number of functions, including maintaining a healthy level of pressure in your eyes. When this fluid can’t drain freely, it builds up in the front part of your eye, which can damage your optic nerve over time.
Glaucoma is known as the “silent thief of sight” because it develops gradually and doesn’t present early symptoms or warning signs.
The disease only causes noticeable symptoms after it’s already caused permanent, irreversible vision damage. It is a disease that normally affects both eyes and damages your peripheral (side) vision first.
To catch glaucoma in its early stages and prevent vision loss, it’s important to get regular eye exams at Gold Canyon Eye Center. Your doctor will look at your overall eye health including your eye pressure to determine if you have glaucoma.
You’re more likely to develop glaucoma if you have:
Diabetes, heart disease, or high blood pressure (hypertension)
Poor vision, especially if you’re very nearsighted (myopic)
A past injury or surgery in one or both eyes
A family history of glaucoma
If you don’t have any of these risk factors, you should be screened for glaucoma every four years starting at age 40. You should be screened every two years beginning at age 65, or sooner if you have elevated risk factors.
The optometrists at Gold Canyon Eye Center can slow the progression of early-stage glaucoma. Treatment can reduce the pressure in your eyes and preserve your vision. It can’t restore vision you’ve already lost, which is why it’s important to be screened regularly for glaucoma.
The first treatment for glaucoma is usually medication, including eye drops. If medication alone doesn’t control the pressure in your eye, however, the next step may be a procedure performed by an ophthalmologist. These surgeries, which use minimally invasive techniques, fix the drainage channel in your eye or create a new channel.
Though glaucoma isn’t curable, you can control the disease and preserve your vision with early detection. For an eye exam or learn more about glaucoma treatment, call Gold Canyon Eye Center or book an appointment online today.